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Innovative Crops

Crop Name:  Palmarosa

Soil:  

It grows well in wide range of soils, well drained sandy loam soil is reported to be the best. The crop cannot withstand water logging.


Climate:  

Palmarosa grows well in warm, humid areas with high temperature and plenty of sunshine during its growing period. Temperature between 15 to 35°C with ample sunshine is congenial for its cultivation.


Land Preparation:  

For transplanting, the field is prepared by ploughing the land 2-3 times to bring the soil to fine tilth before the onset of monsoon. FYM, full dose of phosphorus and potash along with 1/4th dose of nitrogen are incorporated into the soil.


Sowing:  

The crop is mainly raised by transplanting the seedlings. The seeds are sown in well prepared, raised, nursery beds during the month of may. About 7 kg of seeds sown in 250-300 square meters nursery area are adequate to generate seedlings for planting in a hectare. Transplant the seedlings during June-July. Seedling which are about 15 cm high are carefully removed from the nursery and transplanted in rows at 45-60 cm x 30-45 cm spacing.


Varieties:  


Irrigation::  

During the rainless period the crop is irrigated at 10 to 15 days interval for better growth.


Fertilizers:  

FYM : 10 t/ha, 100 kgs of Nitrogen, 40 kgs of phosphorus, 40 kgs of potash per hectare in a year. FYM, full dose of phosphorus and potash 1/4th dose of nitrogen are incorporated in the soil as a basal dose. The remaining 3/4th of nitrogen is applied in three split doses after each harvest.


Disease Management:  

No serious diseases have been reported in Palmarosa.


Pest Management:  

No serious pests have been reported in Palmarosa.


Propagation Methods:  


Plantation Method:  


Intercultural Operations:  


Weeding:  

Regular weeding is necessary to maintain the quality of oil.


Harvesting:  

The grass is harvested when it is of about four months of age and is in full bloom. It is cut at a height of 10 cm from the ground level and the whole plant is used for distillation. Generally 4 to 5 harvests are taken in a year. Palmarosa plantations remain productive for about four years.


Yield:  

Herbage yield of about 25 ton per ha per year under irrigated conditions is considered to be normal. An oil yield of about 125-150 kg per hectare per year may be obtained


Tips for Cultivation:  


Cultivation Procedure:  


Uses:  


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