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Disease/Pest

area wise diseases

Crop Name:

Sesamum

Disease Name/Pest:

Phyllody

Reported Area:

Kolluru

Reported Mandal:

Kollur

Symptoms:

The symptoms starts with vein clearing leaves.
The disease manifests itself mostly during flowering stage, when the floral parts are transformed into green leafy structures, which grow prusely. The flower is rendered sterile.
The veins phylloid structure are thick and prominent.
The plant is stunted with reduced internodes and abnormal branching.

Causal_organism:

Phytoplasma

Curative Measures:

Spray Dimethoate 30 EC @ 500ml/ha at 30, 40 and 60 days after sowing.
Rogue out the infected plants periodically.

Preventive Methods:

Avoid growing sesamum near cotton, groundnut & legumes.
Remove all the reservoir and weed hosts.
Soil treatment with Thirnet 10G (or) Phorate 10G at the time sowing.
Intercrop sesame with Pigeon pea (6:1).
Seed treatment with Imidacloprid (or) Carbosulfan protects the crop from all sucking pests including leaf hoppers about a month.

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