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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Groundnut

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil and Climatic Conditions:
1.) Groundnut is perfectly grown in a well-drained sandy loam, or?sandy?clay?loam?soil. Deep well-drained soils with a pH of 6.5-7.0 and high fertility, are ideal for groundnut. 2.) The optimum temperature for rapid germination & seedling development is 30?c.
Seed Rate:
1.) Kharif- 50-60kg/Acre, Rabi- 60-75kg/Acre.
Seed Treatment:
1.) Seed treatment with 1g Tebuconazole 2 D.S (or) 3g Mancozeb and Trichoderma viride powder. 2.) Seed treatment with 1ml Imidacloprid 600 F.S in 6ml water (For Root Grub & Peanut Stem Necrosis Virus).
Field Preparation:
1.) Deep summer ploughing which helps in decreasing pest & weed control. 2.) Land should be ploughed well before sowing.
Types Of Cultivation:
1.) Seeds are sown behind the plough (or) with the use of tractor drawn seed drill, Hand dibbling.
1.) Bunch type Kharif: 30cm x 10cm for row to row and plant to plant. 2.) Runner type Kharif: 30cm x 15cm for row to row and plant to plant. 3.) Bunch type Rabi: 22.5cm x 10cm for row to row and plant to plant. 4.) Runner type Rabi: 22.5cm x 15cm for row to row and plant to plant.
1.) Groundnut + Red gram (7:1) 2.) Groundnut + Castor (7:1) 3.) Groundnut + Bajra/Jowar (6:2)
Weed Management:
1.) Pre-emergence application of Alachlor 50% 1 lit/Acre (or) Pendimethalin 30% 1.3 - 1.6 lit/Acre (or) Butachlor 50% 1.25 - 1.5 lit in 200 lit water. 2.) At 21st day crop weeds 2-3 leaves observed then use Imazethapyr 10% 300ml/Acre (or) Quizalofop ethyl 5% 400ml/Acre in 200 lit water. 3.) Weed free before 45 days crop.
Water Management:
Water requirement 400-450 mm. 1.) Required irrigations 8-9. 2.) 1st irrigation at before sowing, 2nd irrigation at 20-25 days crop. 3.) Next irrigation are followed by 7-10 days intervals. 4.) Last irrigation is given at before 15 days harvest. 5.) Irrigation can be given by Sprinkler (or) Drip.
Nutrient Management:
1.) FYM: 4-5 tons/Acre add during the last ploughing. 2.) Rainfed/Acre: SSP - 100kg, MOP - 33kg, Urea - 18kg add during time of sowing. 3.) Irrigated/Acre: SSP - 100kg, MOP - 33kg add during the last ploughing, Urea - 18kg add during time of sowing & 9kg urea add after 30 days crop (Initial flowering stage). 4.) Rainfed: Gypsum - 200kg/Acre add during 45 days crop. 5.) Irrigated: Gypsum - 200kg/Acre add during Initial flowering stage. 6.) If Zinc deficiency is observed then use 400g Znso4 in 200lit water, spray 2 times with 7 days interval. 7.) Borax 4kg/Acre add during time of sowing.
Intercultural Operations:
1.) Earthingup should be done at 20-25 days crop. 2.) Hand weeding or hoeing should be done at 20-25 days crop. 3.) No intercultural operations should be done after 45 days crop.
Flowering and Maturity Stages:
1.) Flowering in groundnut begins 20-30 days after emergence. 2.) During the initial flowering stage add Urea & Gypsum (Irrigated crop). 3.) Maturity Indices: 70-80% leaves, branches become yellow in colour, interior portion of the pod become black in colour.
Harvesting Methods:
1.)) Loosen the soil around the plant before harvesting, Pull out the entire plants & shake the excess soil from the roots.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
Yield differs according to the variety. 1.) Kharif: 800-1000 kg/Acre. 2.) Rabi: 1400-1600 kg/Acre.
Post Harvest Handling:
1.) Pre-drying: Harvested product is dried in order to reduce the moisture content of the groundnut pods. 2.) Plucking/Stripping: Separation of groundnut pods from the plant after sufficient drying. 3.) Sorting & Grading: Grade the grains on the basis of quality factors & Sort out bad, rotten (or) broken grains from the good produce. 4.) Cleaning: Separated grain is cleaned and then dried. 5.) Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. 6.) Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage.
Organic Products can be used:
1.) If growing Groundnut for the first time then mix the seeds with Rhizobium in order to increase the yield. 2.) FYM: Reduces the usage of 20-25% Nitrogen Fertilizer. 3.) Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride 10g/kg seed for Root rot, Stem rot, seed rot.
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