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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Carrot

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil and Climatic Conditions:
1.) Deep, Well drained, Sandy loam soils with a friable texture are most desirable. 2.) A pH of 6.5 to 7 is ideal for production. 3.) Ideal temperature for growing carrot is 18-24?c.
Seed Rate:
1.) Seed rate for carrot is 2kg/Acre.
Seed Treatment:
1.) Seeds are treated with Thiram 3g/kg seeds, Thiram will usually increase stands & yield by reducing losses from Seed decay, Damping-off & Seedling blight caused by many seed borne & soil borne organisms.
Field Preparation:
1.) Prepare the land to a fine tilth and add 10 tons of FYM during the last ploughing.
Types Of Cultivation:
1.) Sowing the seeds directly in the main field. To facilitate easy seeding & even distribution, seed is mixed with sand (Even distribution in a line).
Spacing:
1.) Spacing for planting seeds: 30cm x 5cm for row to row and plant to plant.
Intercropping:
1.) Carrot + Groundnut (2:2) 2.) Carrot + Coriander (1:1)
Weed Management:
1.) Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 1.25 lit/Acre (or) Alachlor 1.0-1.25 lit in 200 lit water. 2.) At 15th day crop spray Metribuzin 300g/200 lit water.
Water Management:
1.) Irrigate the field just after sowing. 2.) Follow climatic condition & give irrigation at an interval of 7-10 days. 3.) Critical stage for irrigation in carrot is Root Enlargement. 4.) Optimum level of moisture in the field is essential for better germination, growth & development of roots.
Nutrient Management:
1.) Add 16kg Phosphorous, and 20kg Potash during the last ploughing. 2.) Add 20kg Nitrogen apply in 2 split doses: 1st dose during last ploughing, 2nd dose of nitrogen should be done after 6 weeks of seedling.
Intercultural Operations:
1.) Remove the weeds time to time to avoid heavy loss in yield of top quality roots due to weed competition. 2.) Weeding and hoeing are necessary to check the weed growth & provide soil aeration for better growth & yield. 3.) Hoeing not only checks weeds but also facilitates soil aeration & results in better root growth. 4.) Earthing up of roots along with weeding is done to prevent exposure of roots to atmosphere & consequent discoloration. 5.) Thinning is the most important operation during cultivation as thick sowing is done because of small sized seed.
Flowering and Maturity Stages:
Carrots are biennials (two-year life cycle). During the 1st season, they grow in a vegetative state with no flowers, then after winter they bloom & send their progeny into the world to reproduce & regrow. To keep your carrots from flowering, try regularly sowing carrot seeds every couple weeks during the season to assure some of them will do well, regardless of whether fluctuations. 1.) After 90 days the crop is ready to harvest. Generally small to medium sized carrots are preferred. 2.) Over-sized roots are not acceptable. 3.) The easiest way to tell if a carrot is ready to harvest is to use your index finger to circle the top of the carrot, to feel how big it is. Most carrots are ready to harvest when the tops are about 2.5cm in diameter.
Harvesting Methods:
1.) Harvesting can be done by digging with spade (or) other hand tool. 2.) Harvesting should be done when there is optimum moisture in the soil.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
1.) On an average of 08 tons/Acre.
Post Harvest Handling:
1.) Sorting & Grading: Freshly harvested carrots must be sorted to remove defective roots, undersized, broken, diseased, split/cracked & sunburnt carrots should also be discarded. Careful handling is necessary to avoid bruising and tip breakage during these grading steps. 2.) Trimming: Carrots being marketed as topped must be properly trimmed such that the length of the tops is approximately 2.5cm. 3.) Maintaining High Humidity: High humidity is necessary to prevent dehydration & loss of crunchiness of stored carrots. Carrots can be rehydrated prior to marketing by spraying cold water on the roots (or) covering the roots with ice. 4.) Storage: Artificial cooling is needed prior to long term storage, hydrocooling is the preferable method for carrots. Carrots stored below 0?c for prolonged periods of time are susceptible to chilling injury. During storage, avoid mixing carrots with ethylene producing commodities.
Organic Products can be used:
1.) FYM: Reduces the usage of 20-25% Nitrogen Fertilizer. 2.) Inoculation of seeds prior to sowing with Bio fertilizers like Azospirillum which increases plant height, number of leaves, root length, root diameter, root weight, root yield and carotene content.
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