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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Brinjal

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil and Climatic Conditions:
Salty lands are not suitable, well drained soils are suitable for growing. It flourishes best during warm growing season with the temperature range of 25-27°c.
Seed Rate:
Seed rate varies according to the variety (Between 120 - 260g/Acre).
Seed Treatment:
Hot water treatment: Sow the seeds in hot water for 30 mins & then shade dry & then treat the seeds with Thiram 3g/kg seed/Mancozeb 3g/kg seed & after 2 hours add 4g Trichoderma viride.
Field Preparation:
The soil should be thoroughly prepared by ploughing 4-5 times before transplanting the seedlings. Add 6-8 tons of FYM during last ploughing. Add 200 kg Neem Powder during ploughing. In order to get rid from sucking pest add Carbofuran 3G granules 10kg/Acre before transplanting (Main Field). Bacterial blight disease: The place where effected with blight, add Bleaching powder 6 kg/Acre (Main Field). If rotting of seedling occurs then use Copper Oxy Chloride 3 g/lit water with 2-3 days times with 7 days interval (Nursery). Use Carbofuran 3 G granules (250 g/100 sq.m nursery bed) 1 week before transplanting (Nursery).
Types Of Cultivation:
Direct sowing & Transplanting. Transplanting method: Transplant 30-35 days seedlings to the main field. Transplanted crop has advantages like Damping off, Sucking pest can be controlled in the nursery itself, Seed rate can be reduced, Optimum population can be maintained as only healthy seedlings are used for transplanting.
Spacing for Non-spreading varieties: 60cm x 60cm, spreading varieties: 75cm x 50cm.
Intercropping with Marigold, Onion, and Garlic (2:1).
Weed Management:
Pre-emergence application of Alachlor 1.0-1.5 lit/Acre.
Water Management:
Critical stages for irrigation is Flowering & Fruit development. Irrigation is given according to the moisture in the soil: Winter: 7-10 days intervals, Summer: 4-5 days intervals, Rainy: Given according to the requirement. During summer season give irrigation 1-2 days before harvesting otherwise become bitter in taste.
Nutrient Management:
Phosphorous 24kg (150kg SSP), Potash 24kg (40kg MOP) add during last ploughing. Nitrogen 40kg (200kg Ammonium sulphate (or) 85kg Urea) add in 3 split doses 30, 60, 75 day crop.
Intercultural Operations:
At 25, 30 day crop hoeing is mainly intended to control weeds & provide aeration to the soil.
Flowering and Maturity Stages:
During the flowering stage spray 2, 4-D (10 mg/lit water) (or) NAA (1ml/4 lit water) 2 times with 10 days interval (increases yield by 15-20%). The maturity of the fruit starts from 55-60 days after transplanting. Pressing the thumb against the side of the fruit can indicate the maturity of the fruit. If the pressed portion springs back to its original shape, the fruit is too immature.
Harvesting Methods:
Fruits are harvested by hand, leaving the calyx intact with the fruit.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
Yield varies according to the variety on an average between 12-16 tons/Acre.
Post Harvest Handling:
Precooling: Harvested fruit must be precooled to remove excessive field heat. Sorting & Grading: Grade the produce on the basis of quality factors & Sort out bad, rotten (or) broken from the good produce. Cleaning: Separated produce is cleaned and then dried. Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage.
Organic Products can be used:
FYM: Reduces the usage of 20-25% Nitrogen Fertilizer. Add 200kg Neem Powder during ploughing. Add Trichoderma Viride culture 2-3kg/Acre during the ploughing (Wilt & Rotting diseases can be controlled). Place Yellow sticky traps in the field in order to monitor the Whitefly.
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