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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Ragi

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil climatic conditions:
Ragi?is cultivated mostly in Red lateritic?soils with average temperature of 27oc.
Seed Rate:
1.) For Broadcast: 3-4kg/Acre & for transplanting(5 cents): 2.5kg/Acre.
Seed Treatment:
1.) Seed treatment with Carbendazim 2g/kg seed (or) Mancozeb 3g/kg seed.
Field Preparation Uses:
1.) Land should be deeply ploughed for moisture conservation. 2.) Prepare a 5 cents nursery bed and add sufficient seeds (2.5kg seed).
Types Of Cultivation:
1.) Broadcast & Transplanting. 2.) Transplant 21-30 days seedling plant to the main field. In transplanting seed rate can be reduced, optimum population can be maintained as only healthy seedlings are used for transplanting.
Spacing:
1.) Short duration: 15cm x 10cm for row to row and plant to plant. 2.) Long duration: 15-20cm x 15cm for row to row and plant to plant.
Intercropping:
1.) Ragi: Red gram - 8:2 so that Spacing for Ragi - 30cm x 10cm for row to row and plant to plant & for Red gram 60cm x 20cm for row to row and plant to plant. 2.) Ragi: Beans - 8:1 so that Spacing for Ragi - 30cm x 10cm for row to row and plant to plant & for Beans 20cm x 20cm for row to row and plant to plant.
Weed Management:
1.) Before broadcasting (or) transplanting spray Pendimethalin 30% EC - 600ml/Acre in 200 lit water. 2. At 25th, 30th days if board leaf weeds are observed then use 2, 4 D Sodium Salt 80% WP 400g/Acre in 200 lit water.
Water Management:
1.) If the Seedlings root system is well developed then stop irrigation up to 10 days. 2.) Avoid water stagnation during the Flowering, Grain filling stage.
Nutrient Management:
1.) At Nursery (5 cents): Nitrogen-640g, Phosphorous-640g, Potash-480g use in the form of Urea, SSP, MOP. 2.) At Main Field (Acre): FYM-4 tons/Acre add during last ploughing, Nitrogen-12kg, Phosphorous-12kg, Potash-8kg add during time of sowing & at 30 days crop add another 12kg of nitrogen.
Intercultural Operations Uses:
1.) Thinning should be done in order to remove excess plants. 2.) Hand weeding, Hoeing operations are mainly intended to control weeds & provide aeration to the soil.
Flowering Maturity Stages:
1.) Avoid Water stagnation during Flowering phase. 2.) Brown coloured ears with hard grains & when crop matures leaves turn yellow & present a dried up appearance.
Harvesting Methods Uses:
1.) The usual practice of harvesting Ragi is cutting the ear-heads first & stalks later. 2.) The stalks are cut after a week, allowed to dry & then stacked.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
1.) On an average of 12-16 quintals but in broadcast yield reduces comparatively.
Post Harvest Handling:
1.) Drying: Dry the ear heads until the correct moisture content for storage is attained to prevent rotting. 2.) Threshing: Grain is separated from the ear heads. 3.) Cleaning: Separated grain is cleaned and then dried. 4.) Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. 5.) Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage.
Organic Products Required:
1.) Bio-Fertilizers like Azospirillum brasilense & Aspergillus awamori can be used for seed treatment. 2.) Sticker Solution: Effective Seed Inoculation-This can be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in 250ml water and boiling for 5 min. The solution thus prepared is cooled. Smear the seeds well using the required quantity of sticker solution & add culture then shade dried & then use for sowing.
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