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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Cabbage

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil and Climatic Conditions:
Cabbage grown well in Sandy soils with pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Salty land is not suitable. A temperature range of 15-21°c is considered optimum for growth & head formation.
Seed Rate:
Seed Rate for normal variety 300 g seed is sufficient/Acre, But for Hybrids 100-150 g seed/Acre.
Seed Treatment:
Seed treatment with Thiram 3 g/kg seed.
Field Preparation:
Plough the land 4-5 times & add 8-10 tons FYM. Prepare a separate nursery bed & sow the seeds while mixing with sand (or) compost. Cover the seedbed with dry leaves. Give regular irrigations up to seedling. Remove the dry leaves after seedling. For Root Rot spray Copper Oxy Chloride 3 g/lit water. For Leaf eating caterpillars spray Malathion 2.5 ml.
Types Of Cultivation:
Transplanting method. Transplanting method: Transplant 25-30 days seedling plant to the main field. Damping off disease & Leaf eating caterpillar is controlled in the nursery itself. Optimum population can be maintained as only healthy seedlings are used for transplanting.
Long duration varieties - 60 cm x 45 cm for row to row and plant to plant. Short duration varieties - 45 cm x 45 cm for row to row and plant to plant.
Intercrops like Coriander, Palak, Onion, and Pea in the ratio of 2:1.
Weed Management:
Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 30% EC 1.25 lit/Acre (or) Alachlor 50% EC 1.0-1.2 lit/Acre.
Water Management:
Cabbage requires adequate soil moisture to maximize yield & quality, critical soil moisture stage for Cabbage is head formation & enlargement. Light soils: Irrigations are usually applied at weekly intervals, Heavy soils: Irrigations are usually applied at 10 days intervals.
Nutrient Management:
Nitrogen 24-32 kg/Acre in 3 split doses at 25-30th day, 50-60th day, and 75-80th day. Phosphorous 32 kg/Acre, Potash 40 kg (in the form of SSP & DAP) add during the last ploughing.
Intercultural Operations:
Hoeing should be done at 20-25th day crop to remove weeds & to make soil better aerated. Earthing up: In order to produce large sized heads, earth up the plant one month after transplanting. At the time of earthing up the plants are supported with soil to avoid toppling of the plant during head formation.
Flowering and Maturity Stages:
Flowering stem is modified into Cabbage. Adequate soil moisture should be maintained during the flowering stage. Head colour turns a lighter shade of green when full development is attained. The best stage of maturity is determined by head size & condition, it is ready for harvesting at 90-120 days. Solidity & firmness of head are the usual maturity symptoms.
Harvesting Methods:
Cut each cabbage head at its base with a sharp knife. After harvesting, bring inside or put in shade?immediately. To get two crops from early cabbage plants, cut the cabbage head out of the plant, leaving the outer leaves and root in the field.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
On an Average of 14,000-16,000 kg/Acre.
Post Harvest Handling:
Field sorting: Field sorting of Cabbage should be done on farm to cut out unmarketable curds like diseased, damaged, infected. Trimming: Removal of unwanted parts which may otherwise make the Cabbage curd unappealing to consumers (or) may cause the curd to deteriorate rapidly. Sorting/Grading: Grade the curds on the basis of quality factors & Sort out bad, rotten from the good produce. Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage.
Organic Products can be used:
FYM: Reduces the usage of 20-25% Nitrogen Fertilizer. Bio fertilizers like Azotobacter (or) Azospirillum is used for seed treatment. Mix the culture with FYM and then broadcast in the field. This gives 8-16 kg Nitrogen to the field.
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