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Agri Panchangam

Crop Name:  Bengal gram

Agriculture Panchangam
Soil and Climatic Conditions:
It can grow on wide range of soils from medium to heavy black soils. It does well on Black cotton soils and sandy loams. Optimum temperature is 24-30°c.
Seed Rate:
Depend upon 100 seed weight, seed rate differs per Acre. For Medium size seeds (20-30 g/100 seed weight): then use 30-35 kg. For Large size (35-40 g/100 seed weight): then use 45-50 kg. For large size (50 (or) >50 g/100 seed weight): then use 60-70 kg.
Seed Treatment:
Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride powder 10 g/kg seed and 3 g Thiram (or) Captan (or) 2.5 g Carbendazim. 2.) Tebuconazole 1.5 g can also be used for seed treatment.
Field Preparation:
Very Fine & compact seedbed is not good for chickpea, it required rough seed bed. If it is cultivated as mix crop the land should be plough to fine tilth. If chickpea crop is taken after a kharif fellow carry out one deep ploughing during the as it will help to conserved rain water.
Types Of Cultivation:
Seeds are sown behind the plough (or) with the use of seed drills at depth of 5-8cm. Optimum moisture should be present while sowing the seed. Seeds also can be broadcasted.
Spacing:
30 cm x 10 cm for row to row and plant to plant. If Large size Kabuli seeds are used then 45 cm-60 cm for row to row.
Intercropping:
Chickpea + Mustard (8:2). Chickpea + Linseed (4:2). Chickpea + Safflower (4:2). Chickpea + Coriander (8:2). Chickpea + Rapeseed (3:1)
Weed Management:
Pre-emergence application of Fluchloralin 1 lit/Acre (or) Pendimethalin 1-1.2 lit. Weed free up to 30 days crops. Don't use the post-emergence herbicides it results in crop failure.
Water Management:
Irrigations required at 2 critical stages. At Branching (After 30-35 days). At Pod formation (55-60 days).
Nutrient Management:
For one Hectare of land: Nitrogen 20 kg, Phosphorous 50 kg, 17 kg Potash Add all these during the last ploughing. For Acre: Urea 18 kg, SSP 125 kg (or) 50 kg DAP so that crop will get sufficient amount of Nitrogen & Phosphorous. If Zn deficiency is observed then use ZNSO4 20 kg/Acre. If sulphur content in land is <8 PPM then use 8-10 kg sulphur (or) give sulphur in the form of SSP.
Intercultural Operations:
Hand weeding & thinning in order to reduce the competition. Intercultural operations improve aeration in the soil.
Flowering and Maturity Stages:
Flowering begins in warm environment, at temperature 20-23°c, RH 60%. Maturity Indices: The leaves turn to reddish brown & starts leaf shedding, pods become yellow in colour & then wilt.
Harvesting Methods:
Harvest can be done by pulling out the entire plant (or) Cut the plant with a sickle.
Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
For Desi varieties: Under Rainfed - 7-8 Quintals/Acre, Under Irrigated - 10-12 Quintals/Acre. For Kabuli Varieties: Under Rainfed - 6-7 Quintals/Acre, Under Irrigated - 8-10 Quintals/Acre.
Post Harvest Handling:
Pre-drying: Harvested product is dried in order to undergo threshing. Threshing: Separation of grains from the plants. Drying: Grains are dried until the correct moisture content for storage is attained to prevent rotting. Sorting & Grading: Grade the grains on the basis of quality factors & Sort out bad, rotten (or) broken grains from the good produce. Cleaning: Separated grain is cleaned and then dried. Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage.
Organic Products can be used:
If growing for the first time then treat the seeds with 200 g (for 8 kg seed) Rhizobium culture 300 ml 10% jaggery solution & then shade dry can increase the yield up to 20-30%. Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride powder 10 g/kg seed.
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