Crop Name: Beet Root
- Soil and Climatic Conditions:
- 1. Beetroot grows best on deep & well-drained, loose, loamy to sandy soils. It prefers a soil pH of 5.8 to 7.0.
2. Optimum temperature for growing beetroot is 18oc to 21oc.
- Seed Rate:
- 1. Seed rate of 3-4kg/Acre is sufficient.
- Seed Treatment:
- 1. Pre-soaking of the seeds in water for 12 hours facilitates better germination in the field.
2. Seed treatment with Thiram (or) Captan to control pre-emergence damping-off.
- Field Preparation:
- 1. Plough the land with 2-3 times, Prepare the land with fine tilth & form channels.
2. FYM 10-12 tons add during the last ploughing.
- Types Of Cultivation:
- 1. Sow the seeds in the main field, at a depth of 1.5cm deep.
- 1. Spacing: 45cm x 8-10cm for row to row and plant to plant.
- 1. It can also be used in Multi tier cropping system Cotton + Radish + Beetroot + Cluster Bean.
- Weed Management:
- 1. At 20-25 days crop remove weeds.
2. Manual weeding is generally practiced.
3. Avoid deep cultivation as it may damage the crop.
- Water Management:
- 1. Give light irrigation soon after sowing to ensure good germination.
2. Crop should be irrigated at an interval of 4-5 days in summer & 10-12 days in winter.
3. Beet root need frequent irrigation to maintain the range of 100-75% of the availability in the top 30cm of the soil.
- Nutrient Management:
- 1. 14kg Nitrogen, 44kg Phosphorous & 14kg Potash in the form of Urea, SSP and DAP add during the last ploughing.
2. At 25th day crop add 14kg Nitrogen and 14kg Potash in the form of Urea and MOP.
- Intercultural Operations:
- 1. Thinning Should be done in order to remove weak plants. Thinning is necessary to have root tubers of uniform shape & size by providing optimum space for uniform development of the root.
2. Earthing Up is done to support the structure of the plant & to prevent the exposure of roots to sunlight. Earthing up should be done, when the roots starts growing.
3. Shallow hoeing is necessary to facilitate better root growth.
- Flowering and Maturity Stages:
- 1. Beet root attains maturity in 60-90 days.
2. Beet root are harvested if they attain a diameter of 3-5cm & continue to harvest up to 8cm.
3. Another sign that the roots are ready for harvest is when the foliage starts to go limp.
- Harvesting Methods:
- 1. Usually plants are pulled by hand. To harvest beet roots by hand, firmly grasp the area where the leaves meet the beet root & give a firm & steady pull until the beet root comes out of the ground.
2. Digging is an alternative way of harvesting beet roots. Carefully dig around & below the growing beets, being careful not to slice through & then lift them out of the ground.
- Yield For Different Cultivation Methods:
- 1. On an average of 10-12 tons/Acre.
- Post Harvest Handling:
- 1. Sorting & Grading: Freshly harvested Beet Roots must be sorted to remove defective roots, undersized, broken, diseased, split/cracked & sunburnt should also be discarded.
2. Packaging: Pack in bags for convenient handling. Removal of tops increases the shelf-life of beets by reducing water loss during transit & storage.
3. Storage: Place the produce in appropriate stores to avoid contamination & spoilage. Topped beets are ideally stored at a temperature of 0oc with 90-98% relative humidity can be kept for 4-6 months.
- Organic Products can be used:
- 1. FYM: Reduces the usage of 20-25% Nitrogen Fertilizer.
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